RULE 4:23. Failure To Make Discovery; Sanctions

4:23-1. Motion for Order Compelling Discovery

A party, upon reasonable notice to other parties and all persons affected thereby, may apply for an order compelling discovery as follows:

Note: Source-R.R. 4:27-1. Former rule deleted and new R. 4:23-1 adopted July 14, 1972 to be effective September 5, 1972; paragraphs (a) and (c) amended July 13, 1994 to be effective September 1, 1994; paragraph (a) amended July 5, 2000 to be effective September 5, 2000.

4:23-2. Failure to Comply With Order

Note: Source-R.R. 4:27-2(a)(b). Former rule deleted and new R. 4:23-2 adopted July 14, 1972 to be effective September 5, 1972; paragraph (b)(2) amended July 13, 1994 to be effective September 1, 1994; paragraph (b) amended July 5, 2000 to be effective September 5, 2000; paragraph (b)(3) amended July 12, 2002 to be effective September 3, 2002.

4:23-3. Expenses on Failure to Admit

If a party fails to admit the genuineness of any document or the truth of any matter as requested under R. 4:22, and if the party requesting the admissions thereafter proves the genuineness of the document or the truth of the matter, that party may apply to the court for an order requiring the other party to pay the reasonable expenses incurred in making that proof, including reasonable attorney's fees. The court shall make the order unless it finds that

Note: Source-R.R. 4:27-3. Former rule deleted and new R. 4:23-3 adopted July 14, 1972 to be effective September 5, 1972; introductory paragraph amended July 13, 1994 to be effective September 1, 1994.

4:23-4. Failure of Party to Attend at Own Deposition

If a party or an officer, director, or managing agent of a party or a person designated under R. 4:14-2(c) or 4:15-1 to testify on behalf of a party fails to appear before the officer within this State who is to take his deposition, after being served with a proper notice, the court in which the action is pending on motion may make such orders in regard to the failure as are just, and among others it may take any action authorized under paragraphs (1), (2) and (3) of R. 4:23-2(b). In lieu of any order or in addition thereto the court shall require the party failing to act to pay the reasonable expenses, including attorney's fees, caused by the failure, unless the court finds that the failure was substantially justified or that other circumstances make an award of expenses unjust. The failure to act described in this rule may not be excused on the ground that the discovery sought is objectionable unless the party failing to act has applied for a protective order as provided by R. 4:10-3.

Note: Source - R.R. 4:27-4. Former rule deleted and new R. 4:23-4 adopted July 14, 1972 to be effective September 5, 1972; amended July 5, 2000 to be effective September 5, 2000; caption amended July 27, 2006 to be effective September 1, 2006.

4:23-5. Failure to Make Discovery

Note: Source R.R. 4:23-6(c)(f), 4:25-2 (fourth sentence); paragraph (a) amended July 29, 1977 to be effective September 6, 1977; paragraph (a) amended July 16, 1981 to be effective September 14, 1981; paragraph (a) amended November 5, 1986 to be effective January 1, 1987; paragraph (a) caption amended and subparagraphs (a)(1) captioned and amended, and (a)(2) and (3) captioned and adopted, June 29, 1990 to be effective September 4, 1990; paragraph (a)(3) amended July 13, 1994 to be effective September 1, 1994; paragraph (a)(1) amended June 28, 1996 to be effective September 1, 1996; paragraph (a) amended July 10, 1998 to be effective September 1, 1998; caption amended, paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) amended, and new paragraph (a)(4) adopted July 5, 2000 to be effective September 5, 2000; paragraph (a)(1) amended and new paragraph (c) added July 12, 2002 to be effective September 3, 2002; paragraph (a)(1) amended and paragraph (a)(4) deleted July 27, 2006 to be effective September 1, 2006; paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) amended July 9, 2008 to be effective September 1, 2008; subparagraphs (a)(1) and (a)(3) amended July 23, 2010 to be effective September 1, 2010; paragraph (c) amended July 19, 2012 to be effective September 4, 2012.

4:23-6. Electronically Stored Information

Absent exceptional circumstances, the court may not impose sanctions under these rules on a party for failing to provide electronically stored information lost as a result of the routine, good faith operation of an electronic information system.

Note: Adopted July 27, 2006 be effective September 1, 2006.