RULE 4:67. Summary Actions

4:67-1. Applicability

This rule is applicable (a) to all actions in which the court is permitted by rule or by statute to proceed in a summary manner, other than actions for the recovery of penalties which shall be brought pursuant to R. 4:70; and (b) to all other actions in the Superior Court other than matrimonial actions and actions in which unliquidated monetary damages are sought, provided it appears to the court, on motion made pursuant to R. 1:6-3 and on notice to the other parties to the action not in default, that it is likely that the matter may be completely disposed of in a summary manner.

Note: Source-R.R. 4:85-1; amended July 24, 1978, to be effective September 11, 1978; amended July 26, 1984 to be effective September 10, 1984.

4:67-2. Complaint; Order to Show Cause; Motion

Note: Source-R.R. 4:85-2. Paragraph (a) amended July 26, 1984 to be effective September 10, 1984; paragraph (a) amended July 13, 1994 to be effective September 1, 1994; paragraph (a) amended July 12, 2002 to be effective September 3, 2002; paragraph (a) amended July 9, 2008 to be effective September 1, 2008.

4:67-3. Service of Order to Show Cause

If the order to show cause issues ex parte pursuant to R. 4:67-1(a), no summons shall issue unless the court otherwise orders. Process shall be a copy of the order to show cause, certified by the plaintiff's attorney to be a true copy. The order to show cause, together with a copy of the complaint and affidavits similarly certified, shall be served within this State at least ten days before the return day and in the manner prescribed by R. 4:4-3 and R. 4:4 for the service of a summons, unless the court orders shorter or longer service or some other manner of service. Service may be made outside this State, or by mail, publication, or otherwise, all as the court by order directs, provided the nature of the action is such that the court may thereby acquire jurisdiction.

Note: Source-R.R. 4:85-3. Amended July 5, 2000 to be effective September 5, 2000.

4:67-4. Answers; Objections; Demand for Jury Trial

Note: Source-R.R. 4:85-4 (first two sentences), 4:85-5 (fourth sentence). Paragraph (b) amended July 7, 1971 to be effective September 13, 1971; paragraph (b) amended July 13, 1994 to be effective September 1, 1994.

4:67-5. Hearing; Judgment; Briefs

The court shall try the action on the return day, or on such short day as it fixes. If no objection is made by any party, or the defendants have defaulted in the action, or the affidavits show palpably that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact, the court may try the action on the pleadings and affidavits, and render final judgment thereon. If any party objects to such a trial and there may be a genuine issue as to a material fact, the court shall hear the evidence as to those matters which may be genuinely in issue, and render final judgment. At the hearing or on motion at any stage of the action, the court for good cause shown may order the action to proceed as in a plenary action wherein a summons has been issued, in which case the defendant, if not already having done so, shall file an answer to the complaint within 35 days after the date of the order or within such other time as the court therein directs. In contested actions briefs shall be submitted.

Note: Source-R.R. 4:85-4 (third sentence), 4:85-5 (first three sentences), 4:85-7; amended July 13, 1994 to be effective September 1, 1994.

4:67-6. Summary Proceedings to Enforce Agency Orders

Note: Adopted July 22, 1983 to be effective September 12, 1983; paragraph (a), paragraph (b) caption, and paragraph (b)(2) amended, and paragraph (b)(3) adopted June 29, 1990 to be effective September 4, 1990.